Classification of high and middle / low income countries in Europe and the rest of the world.
These lists are based on the most recent (2017) Human Development Index (HDI) from the United Nations. More information about the HDI can be found here: http://hdr.undp.org/en/content/human-development-index-hdi
The HDI was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone.
The health dimension is assessed by life expectancy at birth, the education dimension is measured by mean of years of schooling for adults aged 25 years and more and expected years of schooling for children of school entering age. The standard of living dimension is measured by gross national income per capita. The HDI uses the logarithm of income, to reflect the diminishing importance of income with increasing GNI. The scores for the three HDI dimension indices are then aggregated into a composite index using geometric mean.
The threshold for determining which countries fall into categories of ‘high’ and ‘middle’ / ‘low’ income countries is set at the HDI of 0.900 and can be accessed here: http://hdr.undp.org/en/composite/HDI [Accessed 20 November 2019].
Europe – Higher income countries
Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom.
Europe - Lower and middle income countries
Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Faroe Islands, Georgia, Gibraltar, Greece, Greenland, Hungary, Isle of Man, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, San Marino, Serbia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.
Rest of the world – Higher income countries
Australia, Canada, Hong Kong, China (SAR), Israel, Japan, Rep Korea, New Zealand, Singapore, United States.
Rest of the world – Lower and middle income countries
Afghanistan, Algeria, American Samoa, Antigua and Barbuda, Angola, Argentina, Aruba, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, British Virgin Islands, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cabo Verde, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Channel Islands, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, Dem. Rep., Comoros Congo, Rep, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Cuba, Curaçao, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Arab Rep., El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Fiji, French Polynesia, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Islamic Rep., Iraq, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati Kyrgyz Republic, Korea, Dem. People's Rep., Kuwait, Lao PDR, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Macao SAR, China, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Fed. Sts., Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, New Caledonia, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Macedonia, Northern Mariana Islands, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, São Tomé and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Sint Maarten (Dutch part), Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Martin (French part), St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Sudan, Suriname, Syrian Arab Republic, Taiwan, China, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Rep., Timor-Leste, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turks and Caicos Islands, Tuvalu, United Arab Emirates, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, RB, Vietnam, Virgin Islands (U.S.), West Bank and Gaza, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
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